- 1. Articulation of inferior (distal) end of tibea with superior surface of talus.
- 2. Medially by articulation of tibial malleolus with medial surface of talus.
- 3. Laterally by articulation of fibula malleolus with lateral surface of talus.
- 4. Fibula malleolus extends further distally than tibial malleolus.
Type of Joint
Synovial Hinge Joint.
- 1. Dorsiflexion – drawing foot upward towards tibia from full plantar flexion range.
- 2. Plantar Flexion – pressing foot downward away from tibia from full dorsiflexion range.
- 3. With Foot Joint Inversion – A turning in of the sole towards the mid- line.
- 4. With Foot Joint Eversion – A turning out of the sole away from the mid- line.
- 1. Capsule – attached to articular margins. Completely encloses joint. Lined with synovial membrane.
- 2. Anterior – thickening of the capsule.
- 3. Posterior – thickening of the capsule.
- 4. Medial – sometimes called the Deltoid Ligament. Strengthens joint medially. It is strong and triangular shaped. Its apex is attached to the medial malleolus. Base fans into 3 bands.
- 5. Lateral Ligament – strengthens joint on the lateral side. Also strong and triangular shaped.
Apex attaches to lateral malleolus. Base divides into 3 bands.
a) Anterior Band (TaloFibular) – passes forward and attaches to talus
b) Middle Band (Calcaneo Fibular) – passes down vertically
c) Posteriot Band – passes horizontally backwards to talus
Added by :Eddie Jackman
Acupuncturist,Physical Therapist and Sports Therapist based in Waterford
For treatments or appointments please call 087 6701166